Description: There are four common species of Chafer grubs in the UK; the Cockchafer, the Garden Chafer, the Summer Chafer and the Welsh Chafer. Although the adults eat the leaves of trees and shrubs, they rarely cause any significant damage in the UK. Common cockchafer males can easily be distinguished from the females by counting the number of ‘leaves’ on their remarkable antler-like antennae, males sport seven ‘leaves’ while females have only six. It … Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Hence their nickname, the June Bug. Their bodies are hairy and have white cup-shaped markings down each side. Cockchafer grubs and leather jackets may be responsible for a sward’s total destruction. Biological control suppliers (pdf document). Not many people seem to remember them as they are rare in places but in some areas it is a common activity for children to go round swatting them with tennis racquets. Image shows lawn grub otherwise called orange headed cockchafer feeding on the grass roots of established lawn. Please enable Strictly Necessary Cookies first so that we can save your preferences! Chafer grubs Print page . Registered charity no. By my reckoning it is the most popular month for lending its name to creatures in the natural world. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans No need to register, buy now! By my reckoning it is the most popular month for lending its name to creatures in the natural world. The grubs feed on a wide range of decomposing plant material and also the live the roots and stems of the plants including the grass. The bare patches are in this period best repaired with SOS & RPR. Description: The cockchafer is about 2.5cm in length and is the largest species of chafer beetle in the UK. Part 4a(i). However, several species that feed on the roots of grasses can cause problems in lawns. About Chafer grubs Adult chafers range in size, the biggest at 30mm in length being the Cockchafer, and the smallest the Welsh chafer at 11mm. Lawn grub cockchafer feeding on lawn grass roots. A combination of some species of chafer grub and larger animals that feed on them can quickly turn a lawn into something that resembles a ploughed field. This video is unavailable. This large beetle has ribbed wing cases (elytra) that are reddish-brown in colour, and the head and the pronotum are blackish and covered in short hairs. Because they feed on lawn roots and plant material, they can cause serious problems for some lawns, especially Fescue, Kikuyu and Couch, as well as under-nourished lawns. By the way, they love moist ground, even delaying hatching during drought - bit of a mystery why they hatch so quickly in the UK ! The grubs live in the soil, feeding on plant roots. Stag beetles are uncommon and cause no damage in gardens and should be welcomed. 1092293    However, cherry and plum orchards in southern Europe sometimes suffer economic losses from Cockchafer feeding. In Ancient Greece, it is described as a common practice for boys to catch a Cockchafer, tie a linen thread to its feet and then enjoy it flying in circles. Cockchafer Description. Description: There are four common species of Chafer grubs in the UK; the Cockchafer, the Garden Chafer, the Summer Chafer and the Welsh Chafer. Although one of their common names is the May bug, if climate conditions are right, adult cockchafer beetles are often seen flying in April. The common cockchafer is the UK's largest scarab beetle (scarabs include dung beetles and chafers). cockchafer definition: 1. a type of European beetle that causes damage to trees 2. a type of European beetle that causes…. The cockchafer larvae (grubs) are white or greyish-white in colour with dark heads and soft bodies (Figure 2). And, of course there is the cockchafer Beetle grub, which causes severe root damage. All cockchafers who failed to comply were collected and killed. Cockchafer beetle sometimes known as Maybug or Doodlebug can be c. 30mm in size, has a black thorax, brown wing cases and legs and antennae which fan out. There are nearly 20 species of chafer in Britain, most do not cause problems in gardens The larvae have white bodies, brown heads and three pairs of legs the largest species, the cockchafer or Maybug (Melolontha melolontha) can reach 50mm in length. The adult beetles are about 2 cm (1 inch) long and metallic green. Watch Queue Queue They live as adults for a mere six weeks during which time the female can lay as many as 80 eggs. The latter is generally found in or near wooded areas on sandy soils and is about 9mm long and reddish brown in colour. There are three larval stages. They are bigger than the adult beetles and, if straightened out, can be up to 18mm (almost ¾in) long, Chafer grubs, dung beetles and stag beetles all have similar looking grubs. The adult beetles have reddish-brown wing cases and a black head with short fan-like antennae. In the British Isles, the name “cockchafer” refers more broadly to any of the beetles in the subfamily Melolonthinae (family Scarabaeidae), which are known in North America as June beetles, June bugs, or May beetles. The cockchafer grub, which is the larval stage of the life cycle, are typical white curl grubs which tend to form a C-shape upon exposure or when handled. When just laid, the oval eggs of the common cockchafer (Melolontha melolontha) are 2 x 3 mm, but they increase in size by absorbing water. The Cockchafer has long been a source of fascination for children. They live in beds and borders and feed on roots and vegetables. The summer chafer is light brown, about 16mm long, and distinctly hairy. cockchafer. “There were some fifty persons present, and the majority had a second helping!” Cockchafer larvae. They are white C-shaped grubs with a brown head and 3 pairs of legs at the front of their body. The grubs feed on a wide range of decomposing plant material and also the live the roots and stems of the plants including the grass. Sapcote. Their bodies are hairy and have white cup-shaped markings down each side. Chafer Grub Nemasys Chafer Grub Killer should be applied to moist turf. Adults of the common cockchafer reach sizes of 25–30 mm; the forest cockchafer is a little smaller (20–25 mm). All Chafers are members of the Coleoptera family, and known by various names - 'Maybug' being one. The adult is 20 to 25mm long with a heavily built brown body and wing cases with the tip of the abdomen bent downwards. The larvae are fat white grubs (often called Rook worms) that typically have a curved body shape and live in the soil. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Melolontha melolontha (Linnaeus, 1758) Common cockchafer This handsome chap is the Common cockchafer, also referred to as the May bug, the Spang beetle or the Billy witch. The chafers (or Maybugs) produce the largest grubs, up to 5cm (2in) long. Other pests Latin Name: Phyllopertha spp Category: Turf Pests . 020 3176 5800 They are white C-shaped grubs with a brown head and 3 pairs of legs at the front of their body. The grubs feed on roots but do not cause significant damage until early autumn, by which time the larvae are becoming fully grown. The garden and welsh chafer are 10 mm with metallic blue-green head and 15 - 20 mm with brown head respectively. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. This familiar beetle has a black thorax, rusty brown elytra (wing cases) and brown legs. Find the perfect cockchafer grub stock photo. They live in beds and borders and feed on roots and vegetables. Their undersides are covered with fine white hairs. I'm sure the gardeners amongst you will be thinking how on earth could I mis-identify that! Depending on the species of chafer they either feed on decaying plant material or plant roots. The larvae (grubs) have a whitish curved body, large head, with strong mandibles and long, hairy, well developed yellow legs. The cockchafer larvae (grubs) are white or greyish-white in colour with dark heads and soft bodies (Figure 2). Young larvae are approximately 4mm long with a soft white-grey coloured body. The grubs shown are third instar mature grubs prior to burrowing deeper where they pupate emerging as a black beetle in springtime usually mid-September for Melbourne. This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages. Adult chafer beetles feed on the foliage of many plants but are generally not a problem. That said, the problems caused in lawns are most commonly caused by the Garden Chafer and the Welsh Chafer. When just laid, the oval eggs of the common cockchafer (Melolontha melolontha) are 2 x 3 mm, but they increase in size by absorbing water. Chafer grubs are the larvae of chafer beetles. It has characteristic fanned antennae, a black body, and brown legs and wingcases. These grubs, or larvae, live underground … These beetles usually appear around late April – early May and can frequently be seen and heard flying into lit windows and even lamps indoors! Use Nemasys Chafer Grub Killer to deal with a chafer grub infestation, without any of the precautions associated with chemical use, such as excluding children and pets from treated areas until dry or the question of what to do about grazing pets, such as rabbits and guinea pigs. These were apparently on the menu in Cafe Custoza in Paris, which in the 19th century held a banquet of insect-based dishes, including cockchafer grubs. Adults of P. horticola are about 9mm (3/8in) long and have a metallic green head and thorax with light brown wing cases. The young larvae prefer the dead and decaying organic matter, while the older larvae feed on roots of grasses. Chafer grubs are the soil-dwelling larvae of chafer beetles. It is a clumsy flier and makes a buzzing sound. In the past, cockchafer grubs were manually removed from plowed soils. They fly at night, and have often been the cause of concern when flying into windows - attracted by the light. No need to register, buy now! 4132695. The adults beetles emerge from their pupa in … There are six species in the UK, though commonly the main problems on lawns are caused by just two species: The Garden Chafer and the Welsh Chafer. More information about our Privacy Policy. It … They too like roots but restrict themselves to lawns. ... UK Map. One species of chafer grub is often found in compost heaps, the larvae of the rose chafer (Cetonia aurata). Two other species, which are generally less damaging, are the summer chafer (Amphimallon solstitialis) and the brown chafer (Serica brunnea). Some, which are not garden problems are found in borders and compost heaps. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. One species of chafer grub is often found in compost heaps, the larvae of the rose chafer (Cetonia aurata). They overwinter as larvae and pupate in the soil in the spring. This handsome chap is the Common cockchafer, also referred to as the May bug, the Spang beetle or the Billy witch. Description: The cockchafer is about 2.5cm in length and is the largest species of chafer beetle in the UK. Hoplia philanthus is a similar size with a black head and thorax and reddish brown wing cases. London, UK: Royal Entomological Society of London. At first I thought this was the grub of a Staghorn Beetle, but after doing a search I think it's most likely a Maybug (Cockchafer) grub.....he was well over an inch long. Adults: cockchafer beetles are large and bulky, growing up to 30mm in length. They will, however, sometimes damage the flowers of roses and other plants. This is a species that feeds on decomposing organic matter and as such is a useful garden insect. The grubs live in the soil, feeding on plant roots. The cockchafer is the largest of the six UK chafer species at 30 mm. This is a smaller species that usually emerges at the beginning of June and is common around the date of the summer solstice, 21 June.Â, 'It does pretty much the same thing,' Hine said. The larvae, if present in large numbers, can occasionally be pests of commercial vegetable crops, pastures, and grassed amenity areas such as lawns and grass-sports facilities (e.g. The blackheaded pasture cockchafer larvae tend to curl into a C-shape upon exposure or when handled, hence they are often referred to as 'curl' grubs. Interpretation Translation These all have differing lifecycles and present a key challenge at multiple stages of their lifecycle. The adult Cockchafer can be seen (and heard) flying on warm evenings from May to July. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. New chemical control tests against white grubs, the larvae of the common cockchafer Melolontha melolontha L., in permanent meadowland. Life begins as an egg laid around June – July, hatching into a white grub which lives underground. With its rusty-brown wing cases, pointed 'tail' and fan-like antennae it is unmistakeable. The beetles themselves don’t cause any damage at all to your lawn. Only those grubs found in turf are likely to be chafers damaging lawn roots, Other less troublesome species of chafer grubs can also occur in turf and garden borders, such as the cockchafer (, Similar root damage in lawns can also be caused by, Repair damaged turf by re-sowing with grass seed or laying turf in mid to late spring when the chafer grubs have moved deeper into the soil to pupate, Less heavily managed lawns are thought to be more susceptible to damage, so attention paid to feeding, watering and moss prevention may help avoid damaging populations. Cockchafers, Melolontha Melolontha, are relatively large beetles belonging to the.! Stag beetles are large and bulky, growing up to 5cm ( 2in ) long and green! 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